Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent). 2020 Oct 26;34(1):1-4. doi: 10.1080/08998280.2020.1834658.
There is a scarcity of data on lung ultrasound (LUS) in SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia. As with many other pulmonary conditions, ultrasound may be a better diagnostic tool than routine chest radiography. In an era where computed tomography scanning is deferred because of the potential for cross-contamination, we evaluated the ability of LUS to detect a pattern of lung injury in SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia. A limited anterolateral LUS was performed to limit time spent in isolation rooms by ultrasound operators. We chose to use a hand-held ultrasound device due to portability and superior confidence in infection control. Both linear and phased array probes were used to obtain images of the pleura and lung. Of 69 patients who had lung ultrasound images saved and were included in the analysis, 36 were positive for SARS-CoV-2. Multifocal confluent B-lines, pleural irregularities, and the absence of moderate or large pleural effusions were the predominant pattern observed in most (86%) of SARS-CoV-2-positive patients. We evaluated the accuracy of the above criteria (LUS-CoV) and report a high sensitivity (91%) and specificity (86%) for SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia. In conclusion, a characteristic sonographic pattern of multifocal confluent B-lines with irregular pleural markings was seen on LUS in patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia.