Comparison of the Efficacy and Safety of Sacubitril/Valsartan versus Ramipril in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Link to article at PubMed

Am J Cardiol. 2021 Mar 15;143:7-13. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2020.12.037. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

ABSTRACT

The role of sacubitril and/or valsartan in patient with heart failure (HF) is established. Whether sacubitril and/or valsartan plays a role in improving outcomes in patients after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is unknown. The current study aims to comparing the efficacy and safety of sacubitril and/or valsartan versus ramipril in post-STEMI patients. Patients presenting with STEMI were randomized to receive either sacubitril and/or valsartan or ramipril after primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The main efficacy endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 30 days and 6 months, defined as a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and HF hospitalizations. Multiple secondary clinical safety and efficacy endpoints were examined. A total of 200 patients were randomized from January 2018 to March 2019, mean age 54.5±10.4, 87% men, 75% presented with anterior wall STEMI. Baseline clinical and echocardiographic characteristics were comparable between groups. The primary endpoint of MACE was similar with sacubitril/valsartan versus ramipril at 30 days (p = 0.18); however, at 6 months, sacubitril/valsartan was associated with significant reduction of MACE (p = 0.005), mainly driven by reduction in HF hospitalizations (18% vs 36%, OR 0.40, 95% 0.22 to 0.75; p = 0.004). At 6 months, LV ejection fraction was higher with sacubitril/valsartan (46.8±12.5% vs 42.09±13.8%; p = 0.012), with improved LV remodelling (LV end diastolic dimension 50.6±3.9 mm vs 53.2±2.7 mm, p = 0.047; and LV end systolic dimension 36.1±3.4 mm versus 39.9±6.3 mm, p = 0.001) compared with ramipril. No difference in other efficacy or safety clinical endpoints was observed. In conclusion, early initiation of sacubitril/valsartan may offer clinical benefit and improvement in myocardial remodelling in post-STEMI patients.

PMID:33417876 | DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2020.12.037

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