2021 Jul 12. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021 Jan–.
Central venous access is a standard procedure performed on the hospitalized patient. Placement of central line catheters is for various reasons such as inadequate peripheral venous access, hemodynamic monitoring, infusion of peripherally incompatible infusions, and extracorporeal therapies. After obtaining access, the management of central catheters revolves around preventing catheter-based skin site or bloodstream infections, central line thrombosis, and mechanical complications. Catheter maintenance should involve using aseptic techniques when handling or manipulating catheters. Most hospitals have protocols for routine catheter site inspection, dressing changes, and prompt removal of the catheter when no longer needed.