Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections

Link to article at PubMed

Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2021 Mar;35(1):135-155. doi: 10.1016/j.idc.2020.10.004. Epub 2020 Dec 7.

ABSTRACT

Necrotizing soft tissue infections occur after traumatic injuries, minor skin lesions, nonpenetrating injuries, natural childbirth, and in postsurgical and immunocompromised patients. Infections can be severe, rapidly progressive, and life threatening. Survivors often endure multiple surgeries and prolonged hospitalization and rehabilitation. Despite subtle nuances that may distinguish one entity from another, clinical approaches to diagnosis and treatment are highly similar. This review describes the clinical and laboratory features of necrotizing soft tissue infections and addresses recommended diagnostic and treatment modalities. It discusses the impact of delays in surgical debridement, antibiotic use, and resuscitation on mortality, and summarizes key pathogenic mechanisms.

PMID:33303335 | DOI:10.1016/j.idc.2020.10.004

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