How to treat venous thromboembolism (TVE) in cancer patients: ten years of multidisciplinary team meetings (MDTM) at Saint-Louis Hospital

Link to article at PubMed

J Med Vasc. 2020 Nov;45(6S):6S24-6S30. doi: 10.1016/S2542-4513(20)30516-2.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: - The management of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is particularly challenging in patients with cancer who undergo complex treatment protocols. Cancer patients often have comorbidities which may affect the efficacy and safety of anticoagulant treatments. Coordinated multidisciplinary management of these complex cases can help optimize delivery of individualized anticoagulant treatment.

AIMS: - To describe the multidisciplinary team meeting (MDTM) for the management of VTE in cancer patients at our institution and to document outcomes in these patients.

METHODS: - Bi-monthly MDTMs attended by different physicians and nurses were established at Saint-Louis Hospital in 2008. We performed a retrospective analysis of all cases discussed between September 2008 and January 2018.

RESULTS: - Over a 10-year period, 520 patients were discussed a total of 551 times. Their mean age was 63 years with 278 (53%) women. The most frequent primary cancer sites were breast (23%), genitourinary (21 %), hematological (20%), digestive (15%), and lung (9%). Fifty-two percent of patients had metastatic cancer, and 54% of them were receiving chemotherapy. The optimal treatment for pulmonary embolism (17%), deep vein thrombosis (16%), catheter-related thrombosis (20%) or combined events (46%) was discussed. Twenty-three patients (4.4%) were discussed for one VTE recurrence and 4 (0.8%) for 2 recurrences.

CONCLUSIONS: - A dedicated MDTM for the management of VTE in cancer patients allows to discuss a wide range of clinical scenarios and contributes to optimal adherence to evidence-based clinical practices guidelines. The MDTM evaluation was successfully carried out within a short time-frame of VTE diagnosis and helped optimize individualized treatment plans.

PMID:33276940 | DOI:10.1016/S2542-4513(20)30516-2

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