Med Clin North Am. 2021 Jan;105(1):199-212. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2020.08.020. Epub 2020 Nov 7.
Upper respiratory tract infections are one of the most common challenges in ambulatory medicine. Effective evaluation involves identification, primarily through the history, of the dominant set of patient symptoms leading to accurate diagnosis. Certain more morbid illnesses that mimic common upper respiratory symptoms can also be excluded with this approach. Treatment should address patient preferences through an understanding of the limited utility of antibiotics and through tailored advisement of the numerous pharmacologic options for symptom relief.