J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect. 2020 Sep 3;10(5):436-442. doi: 10.1080/20009666.2020.1800970.
BACKGROUND: We compared the in-hospital complications, outcomes, cost, and length of stay (LOS) between angiography-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided PCI in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in the USA.
METHODS: A nationwide inpatient database was queried to identify patients >18 years with STEMI who underwent angiography-guided and IVUS-guided PCI from January 2016 to December 2016. We compared the in-hospital mortality, complications, cost, and LOS between the two groups.
RESULTS: We identified 100,485 patients who underwent angiography-guided PCI and 5,460 patients who underwent IVUS-guided PCI. In-hospital mortality was not statistically different (odds ratio [OR] 0.76, 95% CI 0.46 - 1.22, P = 0.24). Patients who underwent PCI with IVUS were more likely to have coronary artery dissection (OR 4.26, 95% CI 2.34 - 7.7, p = <0.01), and both groups had a similar incidence of acute kidney injury requiring hemodialysis. The mean LOS was similar, but the mean total cost was higher in the group that underwent PCI under IVUS guidance.
CONCLUSIONS: The in-hospital mortality, hemodialysis, and the use of support devices did not reach a statistical difference between the two groups. However, we observed higher rates of coronary dissection with the use of IVUS in STEMI management.