Curr Med Res Opin. 2021 Jan;37(1):9-12. doi: 10.1080/03007995.2020.1853509. Epub 2020 Dec 13.
BACKGROUND: The worsening of renal function after the start of valsartan therapy is relatively common in clinical practice. However, few data are available on the incidence of worsening renal function after the beginning of therapy with sacubitril/valsartan.
METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 202 outpatients with HFrEF that started therapy with sacubitril/valsartan to evaluate the prevalence of worsening renal function and its clinical significance.
RESULTS: At 1 month, a worsening renal function (defined as a > 20% decrease in eGFR occurring after 1 month of ARNi therapy) was found in 68 patients (33%), however after a mean follow-up of 650 ± 80 days, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed no significant in terms of HF-related deaths, HF-related hospitalizations, and the need for renal replacement therapy (25.2 vs. 23.6%; p = .812). In addition, the renal function recovered in patients with early WRF at 3 months (62 + 9.3 ml/min/1.73 m2 vs. 63 ± 13.8 ml/min/1.73 m2; p < .05), with an improvement in estimated glomerular filtration rate at 1 year compared with baseline value (62 ± 9.3 ml/min/1.73 m2 vs. 69 ± 8.6 ml/min/1.73 m2; p < .01).
CONCLUSIONS: WRF occurs in nearly 30% of HFrEF patients without impacting clinical outcomes; HF specialists should be aware of these changes to avoid unnecessary discontinuation of sacubitril/valsartan therapy.