J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 Oct 30:e018477. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.120.018477. Online ahead of print.
Background The independent prognostic value of troponin and other biomarker elevation among patients with coronavirus-19 (COVID-19) are unclear. We sought to characterize biomarker levels in patients hospitalized with COVID-19 and develop and validate a mortality risk score. Methods and Results An observational cohort study of 1053 patients with COVID-19 was conducted. Patients with all of the following biomarkers measured: troponin-I (TnI), B-type natriuretic peptide, C-reactive protein, ferritin and D-dimer (n = 446) were identified. Maximum levels for each biomarker were recorded. Primary endpoint was 30-day in-hospital mortality. Multivariable logistic regression was used to construct a mortality risk score. Validation of the risk score was performed using an independent patient cohort (n = 440). Mean age of patients was 65.0 ± 15.2 years and 65.3% were men. Overall, 444 (99.6%) had elevation of any biomarker. Among tested biomarkers, TnI ≥ 0.34 ng/ml was the only independent predictor of 30-day mortality (adjusted OR 4.38; P < 0.001). Patients with a mortality score using hypoxia on presentation, age and TnI elevation, age (HA2T2) ≥ 3 had a 30-day mortality of 43.7% while those with a score < 3 had mortality of 5.9%. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the HA2T2 score was 0.834 for the derivation cohort and 0.784 for the validation cohort. Conclusions Elevated troponin and other biomarker levels are commonly seen in patients hospitalized with COVID-19. High troponin levels are a potent predictor of 30-day in-hospital mortality. A simple risk score can stratify patients at risk for COVID-19-associated mortality.