Neurol Clin. 2020 Nov;38(4):867-879. doi: 10.1016/j.ncl.2020.07.004. Epub 2020 Sep 12.
New toxins are emerging all the time. In this article, the authors review common toxins that cause seizure, their mechanisms, associated toxidromes, and treatments. Stimulants, cholinergic agents, gamma-aminobutyric acid antagonists, glutamate agonists, histamine and adenosine antagonists, and withdrawal states are highlighted. Understanding current mechanisms for common toxin-induced seizures can promote understanding for future toxins and predicting if seizure may occur as a result of toxicity.