Hosp Pract (1995). 2020 Oct 6. doi: 10.1080/21548331.2020.1832384. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVE: Hip fracture is a common and morbid condition. Prior studies have shown that the majority of patients with fragility fracture are not treated for underlying osteoporosis. Our hospitalist-led co-management service for patients with acute hip fracture had no system for evaluating and treating osteoporosis in this cohort. Our objective was to implement a fracture liaison service (FLS) to assist patients with acute hip fracture and assess subsequent impact on diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis.
METHODS: We conducted a pre-post study design at our tertiary academic center, including patients >50 years old hospitalized with acute hip fracture. We implemented a FLS, whereby all patients received endocrinology consultation. Outcome measures included the proportion of patients evaluated for osteoporosis by time of hospital discharge, comparing pre-implementation (12 months) and post-implementation (9 months) cohorts. We also measured the proportions of patients evaluated for and offered treatment for osteoporosis within three months of discharge for patients with post-discharge encounters visible in the medical record.
RESULTS: We identified 167 patients before and 124 after FLS implementation. In univariate analysis, the proportion of patients evaluated for osteoporosis before discharge increased from 0.6% to 72.6% (p<0.001) pre- vs. post-implementation. The proportion of patients offered osteoporosis treatment within three months after discharge increased from 25.3% to 46.3% (p=0.01). In multivariate analysis, post-implementation patients had higher odds of osteoporosis evaluation while hospitalized (OR = 470.4, p < 0.001) and higher odds of being offered osteoporosis treatment within three months (OR = 2.8, p = 0.008).
CONCLUSIONS: Establishment of a FLS partnered with a hospitalist-led co-management service for patients with hip fracture was associated with significant improvements in the proportions of patients evaluated and offered treatment for osteoporosis. Wider adoption of this model has the potential to improve care for patients with hip fracture by narrowing the osteoporosis treatment gap.