J Clin Gastroenterol. 2020 Sep 11. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0000000000001429. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: A dipstick test for urine trypsinogen-2 has been used in the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis, but there are only a few studies exploring the effectiveness of this test for early diagnose of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP).
GOALS: The authors explore if the rapid point-of-care urine trypsinogen-2 dipstick test can replace assay of amylase in diagnosing PEP.
STUDY: For this prospective study, from Helsinki University Hospital 400 ERCP patients were enrolled in whom the authors analyzed plasma amylase or pancreas-specific amylase, bilirubin, and urine trypsinogen-2, and urine trypsinogen-2 with dipstick before, 4 and 24 hours after ERCP.
RESULTS: PEP developed in 15 (3.8%) patients. Urine trypsinogen-2 concentrations were significantly higher in PEP than in non-PEP patients 24 hours after ERCP (P=0.001, Mann-Whitney U test) but not 4 hours after ERCP (P=0.094). When combined with abdominal pain symptoms at 4 hours the dipstick test had a sensitivity of 60%, a specificity of 99%, a positive predictive value of 64%, and a negative predictive value 98%. At 24 hours, sensitivity was 100%, specificity 98%, positive predictive value 71%, and negative predictive value 100%.
CONCLUSIONS: A positive dipstick seems to identify PEP cases and a negative test excludes PEP with high accuracy.