BMC Cancer. 2020 Sep 9;20(1):867. doi: 10.1186/s12885-020-07375-2.
BACKGROUND: Terminal-stage solid tumors are one of the main causes of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC); effective therapeutic strategies are therefore warranted. This study aimed to investigate the association between mortality and antithrombin therapy in patients with stage IV solid tumor-associated DIC using a large nationwide inpatient database.
METHODS: From July 2010 to March 2018, patients with stage IV solid tumor-associated DIC in the general wards, intensive care unit, or high care unit were identified using the Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination Inpatient Database. Patients who received antithrombin within 3 days of admission were allocated to the antithrombin group, while the remaining patients were allocated to the control group. One-to-four propensity score matching analyses were applied to compare outcomes. The primary outcome was the 28-day in-hospital mortality.
RESULTS: Of the 25,299 eligible patients, 919 patients had received antithrombin within 3 days of admission and were matched with 3676 patients in the control group. There were no significant differences in the 28-day mortality between the two groups (control vs. antithrombin: 28.9% vs. 30.3%; hazard ratio, 1.08; 95% confidence interval, 0.95-1.23). There were no significant differences in the organ failure score and the proportion of critical bleeding between the two groups. Subgroup analyses showed that the effects of antithrombin were not significantly different among different tumor types.
CONCLUSION: Using a nationwide Japanese inpatient database, this study showed that there is no association between antithrombin administration and 28-day mortality in patients with stage IV solid tumor-associated DIC. Therefore, establishing other therapeutic strategies for solid tumor-associated DIC is required.