Dig Dis Sci. 2020 Sep 6. doi: 10.1007/s10620-020-06575-x. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Literature on acute pancreatitis (AP) outcomes in patients with cirrhosis is limited. We aim to investigate the mortality and morbidity of AP in patients with cirrhosis.
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study, and propensity score matching was done to match cirrhotic with non-cirrhotic patients on a 1:2 basis. Outcomes included inpatient mortality, organs failure, systemic inflammatory response syndrome, and length of hospital stay. We performed subgroup analysis of cirrhotics according to Child-Pugh and MELD scores. Multivariable logistic regression models were tested.
RESULTS: From 819 AP patients, cirrhosis prevalence was 4.9% (40). There was no significant difference between cirrhotics and non-cirrhotics for inpatient mortality (7.5% vs. 1.3%, p = 0.1), severe AP (17.5% vs. 7.5%), shock (7.9% vs. 3%), respiratory failure (10% vs. 3.8%), need for intensive care unit (15% vs. 6.3%), systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) on admission (22.5% vs. 32.5%), and SIRS on day 2 (25% vs. 15%). Cirrhotics had similar rates of pancreatic necrosis, ileus, BISAP score, Marshall score, admission hematocrit, BUN, and hospital length of stay. Finally, cirrhotics who had severe AP, required ICU, and/or die in-hospital appeared to have more severe liver diseases (Child-C, higher MELD score > 17) and had lower AP severity scores (BISAP < 3, Marshall scores < 2).
CONCLUSION: In our study, cirrhotics hospitalized with AP had similar morbidity and mortality when compared to non-cirrhotics.