Echocardiography. 2020 Sep 4. doi: 10.1111/echo.14834. Online ahead of print.
Although clinical manifestations of coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) mainly consist of respiratory symptoms, a severe cardiovascular damage may occur. Moreover, previous studies reported a correlation of cardiovascular metabolic diseases with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), and actually, many COVID-19 patients show comorbidities (systemic hypertension, cardio-cerebrovascular disease, and diabetes) and have a raised risk of death. The purpose of this review is to focus the cardiovascular effects of 2019-nCoV on the base of the most recent specific literature and previous learnings from SARS and MERS and analyze the potential role of echocardiography during the current critical period and short- and long-term follow-up.