Medicine (Baltimore). 2020 Aug 28;99(35):e22049. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000022049.
The long-term association between serum albumin-to-creatinine ratio (sACR) and poor patient outcomes in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains unclear. This study aimed to determine whether sACR was a predictor of poor long-term survival in patients with AMI.This was a study of patients with AMI in the emergency department (ED) from the retrospective multicenter study for early evaluation of acute chest pain (REACP) study. The patients were categorized into tertiles (T1, T2, and T3) based on the admission sACR (0.445 and 0.584 g/μmol). Baseline sACR at admission to the ED was predictive of adverse outcomes. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality within the follow-up period. Cox proportional hazards models were performed to investigate the association between sACR and all-cause mortality in patients with AMI.A total of 2250 patients with AMI were enrolled, of whom 229 (10.2%) died within the median follow-up period of 10.7 (7.2-14.6) months. Patients with a lower sACR had higher all-cause mortality and adverse outcomes rates than patients with a higher sACR. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that patients with a higher sACR had a higher cumulative survival rate (P < .001). Cox regression analysis showed that a decreased sACR was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality [T2 vs T1: hazard ratio (HR); 0.550, 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.348-0.867; P = .010 and T3 vs T1: HR, 0.305; 95% CI, 0.165-0.561; P < .001] and cardiac mortality (T2 vs T1: HR, 0.536; 95% CI, 0.332-0.866; P = .011 and T3 vs T1: HR, 0.309; 95% CI, 0.164-0.582, P < .001).The sACR at admission to ED was independently associated with adverse outcomes, indicating that baseline sACR was a useful biomarker to identify high-risk patients with AMI at an early phase in ED.