COVID-19: pathophysiology, diagnosis, complications and investigational therapeutics

Link to article at PubMed

New Microbes New Infect. 2020 Sep;37:100738. doi: 10.1016/j.nmni.2020.100738. Epub 2020 Aug 5.


The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak started in early December 2019 in the capital city of Wuhan, Hubei province, People's Republic of China, and caused a global pandemic. The number of patients confirmed to have this disease has exceeded 9 million in more than 215 countries, and more than 480 600 have died as of 25 June 2020. Coronaviruses were identified in the 1960s and have recently been identified as the cause of a Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) outbreak in 2012 and a severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003. The current SARS coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the most recently identified. Patients with COVID-19 may be asymptomatic. Typical symptoms include fever, dry cough and shortness of breath. Gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhoea have been reported; neurologically related symptoms, particularly anosmia, hyposmia and dysgeusia, have also been reported. Physical examination may find fever in over 44% of patients (and could be documented in over 88% of patients after admission), increased respiratory rate, acute respiratory disease and maybe decreased consciousness, agitation and confusion. This article aims at presenting an up-to-date review on the pathogenesis, diagnosis and complications of COVID-19 infection. Currently no therapeutics have been found to be effective. Investigational therapeutics are briefly discussed.

PMID:32834902 | PMC:PMC7403867 | DOI:10.1016/j.nmni.2020.100738

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