Brain Natriuretic Peptide and Troponin T in Patients With Acute Pulmonary Embolism and Grade 3 Obesity: A Retrospective Analysis

Link to article at PubMed

Cureus. 2020 Jul 19;12(7):e9265. doi: 10.7759/cureus.9265.


Introduction The interpretation of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and Troponin T (TnT) in patients with obesity is very challenging. The applicability of these biomarkers as prognostic indicators of increased mortality in pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients with Grade 3 obesity has yet to be determined. Methods To investigate whether the combination of BNP and TnT may help to identify patients at low risk for short-term mortality, we assessed 92 patients admitted with the diagnosis of PE and Grade 3 obesity. The study endpoint was all-cause mortality at 30 days. Results The negative predictive value (NPV) of these tests combined is 98.8%; however, we were not able to detect a statistically significant difference between the patients who had a BNP < 100 pg/mL and TnT < 0.03 ng/mL and the other individuals who had either BNP ≥ 100 pg/mL or TnT ≥ 0.03 or both. The mortality rate was 5.43% within 30 days of the diagnosis. The logistic regression analysis using BNP and troponin as continuous variables identified BNP (p < 0.005) as an independent predictor for 30 days mortality. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis determined that a BNP level of 684 pg/mL was the cutoff level to predict mortality in the population studied. Conclusions Our results support that BNP and TnT levels retain an excellent NPV among patients with PE and Grade 3 obesity. BNP testing could be an independent predictor of high-risk patients in this population. The low incidence of all-cause mortality in this study (5.43%) is primarily explained by the more frequent use (9.75%) of systemic or catheter-based thrombolysis associated with a lower rate of major bleeding compared to the general population.

PMID:32821611 | PMC:PMC7431309 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.9265

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