Evaluation of the Order SMARTT: An Initiative to Reduce Phlebotomy and Improve Sleep-Friendly Labs on General Medicine Services

Link to article at PubMed

J Hosp Med. 2020 Aug;15(8):479-482. doi: 10.12788/jhm.3423.

ABSTRACT

We assessed the effectiveness of a quality improvement project to reduce routine labs in clinically stable patients, while also promoting sleep-friendly lab timing. The electronic health record was modified with an "Order Sleep" shortcut to facilitate sleep-friendly lab draws. A "4 AM Labs" column was added to electronic patient lists to signal which patients had early morning labs ordered. Among 7,045 patients over 50,951 total patient-days, on average we observed 26.3% fewer routine lab draws per patient-day per week postintervention (4.68 before vs 3.45 after; difference, 1.23; 95% CI, 0.82-1.63; P < .05). In interrupted time series analysis, the "Order Sleep" tool was associated with a significant increase in sleep-friendly lab orders per encounter per week on resident medicine services (intercept, 1.03; standard error (SE), 0.29; P < .001). The "4 AM Labs" column was associated with a significant increase in sleep-friendly lab orders per patient encounter per week on the hospitalist medical service (intercept, 1.17; SE, 0.50; P = .02). We demonstrate the success of an initiative to simultaneously reduce daily labs and improve sleep-friendly ordering.

PMID:32804609 | DOI:10.12788/jhm.3423

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