Patient’s performance status should dictate transfusion strategy in nonvariceal acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NV-AUGIB): A prospective multicenter cohort study: Transfusion strategy in NV-AUGIB

Link to article at PubMed

Dig Liver Dis. 2020 Aug 9:S1590-8658(20)30377-7. doi: 10.1016/j.dld.2020.07.018. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Non-variceal acute UGI bleeding (NV-AUGIB) is a frequent indication for transfusion, but the best hemoglobin threshold and target values for transfusion in relation to the patients' performance status are unknown.

OBJECTIVE: To identify threshold and target hemoglobin levels for transfusion favoring survival of patients with NV-AUGIB stratified by ASA score.

DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.

SETTING: 50 hospitals of the Italian National Health Service.

PARTICIPANTS: 2758 consecutive patients with NV-AUGIB admitted to 50 Italian hospitals from January 1st, 2014 to December 31st, 2015. Five hemoglobin cut-off values were evaluated.

RESULTS: 30-days mortality: overall: 5.4%; ASA 1-2 patients: 2.5%; ASA 3-4 patients: 10.8%. Mortality was higher when hemoglobin at admission was ≤ 7 g/dL in ASA 1-2 patients, and when it was ≤ 8 g/dL in ASA 3-4 patients. The hemoglobin levels after transfusion favouring survival were ≥ 8 g/dL in ASA 1-2, p <0.0001 and 9-10 g/dL in ASA 3-4 patients; p = 0.0002.

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with NV-AUGIB the physical performance status should dictate the transfusion strategy. In ASA 1-2 patients, admission hemoglobin values ≤ 7 g/dL should prompt transfusion, aiming at a target value of 8-9 g/dL; the corresponding figures for ASA 3-4 patients are: admission hemoglobin level ≤ 8 g/dL and target value of 9-10 g/dL.

PMID:32788141 | DOI:10.1016/j.dld.2020.07.018

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