Tinzaparin for venous thromboembolism in patients with renal impairment – a single-centre, prospective pilot study

Link to article at PubMed

Intern Med J. 2020 Aug 12. doi: 10.1111/imj.15010. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Low molecular weight heparins (LMWH) are used extensively for prophylaxis and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE), bridging therapy for warfarin, and standard of care in cancer-associated VTE. Tinzaparin has the highest molecular weight of all LMWH, and relies least on renal clearance to Cockcroft-Gault creatinine clearance (CrCl) of 20ml/min. Previous pharmacological studies have demonstrated safety and effectiveness in elderly patients. Prospective clinical trials have confirmed these findings to CrCl 20ml/min and in cancer-associated VTE. We describe the pilot program developed at Concord Repatriation General Hospital for tinzaparin. Twenty patients were established on tinzaparin as therapeutic anticoagulation with CrCl or CKD-EPI estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) 20-50ml/min with an indication for anticoagulation. Tinzaparin anti-Xa levels were tested at days 2, 7 and 14 (+/- one day) and transition to oral anticoagulants were allowed at clinician discretion. No accumulation of tinzaparin was seen into day 14. Two patients required dose-adjustment, five patients had bleeding complications (two major, three minor), and four patients died during follow-up, all attributable to patients' comorbidities. CrCl and BSA-standardised CrCl were significantly correlated with tinzaparin anti-Xa level only on day 2, and this effect was lost when patients with CrCl >50ml/min were excluded. Data from our cohort confirms previous pharmacokinetic studies using therapeutic tinzaparin in patients with CrCl or CKD-EPI eGFR 20-50ml/min with no signs of accumulation. Bleeding and death outcomes were also comparable to other trials using tinzaparin in cancer-associated VTE. Tinzaparin is an attractive alternative anticoagulant with once-daily administration in a range of potential indications. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PMID:32786035 | DOI:10.1111/imj.15010

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