Nonlife-Threatening Sarcoidosis

Link to article at PubMed

Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2020 Oct;41(5):733-740. doi: 10.1055/s-0040-1710371. Epub 2020 Aug 10.

ABSTRACT

Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. The outcome is quite variable and is mainly related to persistent inflammatory processes and the development of fibrosis. Many prognostic factors have been described, but the disease evolution is not yet entirely known. The nonthreatening course is characterized by spontaneous involution or stability after treatment withdrawal. Löfgren's syndrome is a subset within the spectrum of sarcoidosis phenotypes, composed of acute onset of fever, bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy, erythema nodosum and/or bilateral ankle periarticular inflammation/arthritis, specifically characterized by a self-limiting disease course. In contrast, advanced fibrotic sarcoidosis with pulmonary hypertension phenotype is correlated with a poor prognosis. Further studies are necessary to detail phenotypes to better understand the mechanisms of the disease and plan future clinical therapeutic studies.

PMID:32777854 | DOI:10.1055/s-0040-1710371

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