Heart Surg Forum. 2020 Jul 7;23(4):E470-E474. doi: 10.1532/hsf.3029.
BACKGROUND: Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is associated with a high rate of hospital readmission. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of the discharge diuretic dose compared with the home diuretic dose on hospital readmission in patients with ADHF.
METHODS: A single center retrospective cohort study included patients with a confirmed diagnosis of ADHF with an ejection fraction of less than 40%. The sample was divided in two groups. The first group received a total daily discharge diuretic dose that was greater than the home dose; the second group received a daily discharge diuretic that was equal to or less than the home dose. The primary outcome was all-cause 30-day readmission rate. The secondary outcomes were all-cause 60-day and 90-day readmission rates.
RESULTS: A total of 206 patients met inclusion criteria; 117 patients received a higher loop diuretic dose at discharge, while 89 were discharged with a loop diuretic that was equal to or less than the home dose. Patients in the increased-dose group had an all-cause 30-day readmission rate of 20.5% compared with 37.1% of patients with equal or reduced-dose group; P = .007. Additionally, there were lower readmission rates in 60 and 90 days between the increased and equal or reduced groups (33.3% versus 52.8%, P < .017, and 41.0% versus 62.9%, P < .003, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: Among patients admitted to hospital with ADHF and reduced ejection fraction, a discharge loop diuretic dose higher than the home dose was associated with decreased all-cause 30-day, 60-day, and 90-day readmission rates.