Venous Thromboembolism in Patients With Brain Cancer: Focus on Prophylaxis and Management

Link to article at PubMed

Cureus. 2020 Jun 22;12(6):e8771. doi: 10.7759/cureus.8771.

ABSTRACT

Patients with primary and metastatic brain tumors are predisposed to thromboembolism. This review of the literature explores the high prevalence of venous thromboembolism and its negative impact on patients with brain cancer. It outlines the recommended prophylactic strategies to prevent venous thrombosis and analyzes the benefit versus risk of anticoagulation in this population, with a focus on the risk of intracranial bleeding associated with it. Additionally, it explores the exceedingly high prevalence of venous thromboembolism in the setting of brain cancer surgeries and provides guidance on the best methods used for prophylaxis in this setting and discusses the safety of each method perioperatively. Lastly, this review article provides guidance on how to manage venous thromboembolism in patients with brain cancer and discusses the use of vena cava filters in this population.

PMID:32714708 | PMC:PMC7377668 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.8771

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