Neurol Clin. 2020 Aug;38(3):607-618. doi: 10.1016/j.ncl.2020.04.001.
Small fiber neuropathy has a broad array of presentations. Length-dependent symptoms and findings present little diagnostic difficulty, but non-length-dependent or multifocal symptoms can be challenging. Intraepidermal nerve fiber density (IENFD) testing in apparent fibromyalgia warrants further study, but skin biopsy testing of this patient population is reasonable. Avoidance of IENFD testing in situations where diagnosis of neuropathy is already clear or where neuropathy is not the cause of symptoms helps to prevent incorrect conclusions. Careful history and physical examination plus pretest probability are important factors to consider when assessing the results of an IENFD test report.