ACS Chem Neurosci. 2020 Jul 24. doi: 10.1021/acschemneuro.0c00422. Online ahead of print.
Lung injury with COVID-19 may be due to a complex underlying pathophysiology. Cytokine release syndrome appears to be a catalyst of different inflammatory pathways promoting lung parenchymal injury and thromboembolic phenomena ("dual hit" injury). Recently, severe neurological manifestations such as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, which may be not linked to lung pathology, have been identified in COVID-19, contributing thus further to the versatility of its clinical features.