Management of immunosuppression in kidney transplant recipients with COVID-19 pneumonia: A summary of 41 confirmed cases reported worldwide

Link to article at PubMed

Transpl Infect Dis. 2020 Jul 23:e13425. doi: 10.1111/tid.13425. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

There is no consensus on immunosuppression management for kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia. Therefore, we conducted a search in English database from October 2019 to July 2020 and extracted data from cases with treatment details worldwide, and total of 41 recipients with a median age of 50 years were enrolled in this study. Most of them were males (75.8%). The most common presenting symptoms were fever (80.5%), cough (63.4%) and fatigue (41.5%). Patients were classified into three catalogs according to severity of pneumonia, 17 (41.5%) were mild, 15 (36.6%) severe and 9 (21.9%) critical disease. Laboratory tests revealed that serum creatinine of critical patients was significantly higher than that of mild or severe patients. 68.3% received oxygen support; all patients received antiviral therapy, 15 (36.6%) recipients were additionally treated with intravenous immunoglobulin and interferon-α. 19.5% patients maintained immunosuppressive therapy; 36.6% suspended antimetabolite; 43.9% only treated with corticosteroid. 6 (14.6%) patients died (severe: 2, critical: 4); high creatinine with low lymphocyte count was the biggest challenge of immunosuppression management. In all, it is necessary to pay close attention to renal function and lymphocyte count in KTRs infected with COVID-19, and choose appropriate medication programs according to the specific situations.

PMID:32702153 | DOI:10.1111/tid.13425

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