Impact of admission serum ionized calcium levels on risk of acute kidney injury in hospitalized patients

Link to article at PubMed

Sci Rep. 2020 Jul 23;10(1):12316. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-69405-0.

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized patients based on admission serum ionized calcium levels. This is a cohort study of all hospitalized adult patients, from January 2009 to December 2013 at a tertiary referral hospital, who had available serum ionized calcium at the time of admission. We excluded patients who had end-stage kidney disease or AKI at admission. We stratified admission serum ionized calcium into 6 groups; ≤ 4.39, 4.40-4.59, 4.60-4.79, 4.80-4.99, 5.00-5.19, and ≥ 5.20 mg/dL. We used serum creatinine criterion of KDIGO definition for diagnosis of AKI. We performed logistic regression analysis to assess the risk of in-hospital AKI occurrence based on admission serum ionized calcium, using serum ionized calcium of 5.00-5.19 mg/dL as the reference group. We studied a total of 25,844 hospitalized patients. Of these, 3,294 (12.7%) developed AKI in hospital, and 622 (2.4%) had AKI stage 2 or 3. We observed a U-shaped association between admission serum ionized calcium and in-hospital AKI, with nadir in-hospital AKI was in serum ionized calcium of 5.00-5.19 mg/dL. After adjustment for confounders, low serum ionized calcium of 4.40-4.59, ≤ 4.39 mg/dL and elevated serum ionized calcium ≥ 5.20 mg/dL were associated with increased risk of AKI with odds ratio of 1.33 (95% CI 1.14-1.56), 1.45 (95% CI 1.21-1.74), and 1.26 (95% CI 1.04-1.54), respectively. Both hypocalcemia, and hypercalcemia at the time of admission were associated with an increased risk of hospital-acquired AKI.

PMID:32704054 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-020-69405-0

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