CJC Open. 2020 Mar 27;2(4):249-257. doi: 10.1016/j.cjco.2020.03.009. eCollection 2020 Jul.
BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock (CS) is associated with high mortality. We report on a "Shock Team" approach of combined interdisciplinary expertise for decision making, expedited assessment, and treatment.
METHODS: We reviewed 100 patients admitted in CS over 52 months. Patients managed under a Code Shock Team protocol (n = 64, treatment) from 2016 to 2019 were compared with standard care (n = 36, control) from 2015 to 2016. The cohort was predominantly male (78% treatment, 67% control) with a median age of 55 years (interquartile range [IQR], 43-64) for treatment vs 64 years (IQR, 48-69) for control (P = 0.01). New heart failure was more common in the treatment group: 61% vs 36%, P = 0.02. Acute myocardial infarction comprised 13% of patients in CS. There were no significant differences between treatment and control in markers of clinical acuity, including median left ventricular ejection fraction (18% vs 20%), prevalence of moderate-severe right ventricular dysfunction (64% vs 56%), median peak serum lactate (5.3 vs 4.7 mmol/L), acute kidney injury (70% vs 75%), or acute liver injury (50% vs 31%). Inotropes, dialysis, and invasive ventilation were required in 92%, 33%, and 66% of patients, respectively. Temporary mechanical circulatory support was used in 45% of treatment and 28% of control patients (P = 0.08). There were no significant differences in median hospital length of stay (17.5 days), 30-day survival (71%), or survival to hospital discharge (66%). Over 240 days (IQR, 14,847) of median follow-up, survival was 67% for treatment vs 42% for control (hazard ratio, 0.53; 95% confidence interval, 0.28-0.99; P = 0.03).
CONCLUSION: A multidisciplinary Code Shock Team approach for CS is feasible and may be associated with improved long-term survival.