Prevention and Treatment of Bleeding with Direct Oral Anticoagulants

Link to article at PubMed

Drugs. 2020 Jul 20. doi: 10.1007/s40265-020-01345-5. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Anticoagulant-related bleeding carries considerable morbidity and mortality. Major or life-threatening bleeding is among the most severe of these complications. As the number of patients treated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) continues to increase, so does the number of DOAC-related bleeding events. The incidence of CRNM bleeding related to DOAC therapy ranges from 15 to 18% per 100-year patients, while the incidence of major bleeding ranges from 2.71 to 3.6%. Many of these bleeding events can be prevented with tailored dosing regimens or proper peri-procedural management. When unable to be prevented, DOAC-related bleeding can lead to significant long-term disability or death. Management with newer reversal agents such as andexanet alfa and idarucizumab, as well as prothrombin complex concentrates, may improve outcomes for patients with DOAC-related bleeding. The purpose of this review is to explore strategies for preventing and treating bleeding in patients receiving DOACs for anticoagulant therapy.

PMID:32691292 | DOI:10.1007/s40265-020-01345-5

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