Circ J. 2020 Jul 18. doi: 10.1253/circj.CJ-20-0298. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: There is a scarcity of data on short-duration dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) followed by P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy as compared with aspirin monotherapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Methods and Results:STOPDAPT-1 is a prospective trial enrolling patients who agreed to 3-month DAPT followed by aspirin monotherapy after everolimus-eluting stent (EES) implantation. STOPDAPT-2 is a randomized trial comparing 1-month DAPT followed by clopidogrel monotherapy with 12-month DAPT after EES implantation. We compared the clinical outcomes of patients assigned to the 1-month DAPT group in STOPDAPT-2 and the 3-month DAPT group enrolled in STOPDAPT-1. The current study population consisted of 1,480 patients in STOPDAPT-2 and 1,339 patients in STOPDAPT-1. The primary endpoint was a composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, definite stent thrombosis and TIMI major/minor bleeding. Cumulative 1-year incidence of the primary endpoint was not significantly different between STOPDAPT-2 and STOPDAPT-1 (2.3% vs. 2.3%, P=0.98). After adjusting for confounders, there was no excess risk of STOPDAPT-2 relative to STOPDAPT-1 for the primary endpoint. Between 3 and 12 months, the cumulative incidence of primary endpoint was not significantly different between STOPDAPT-2 and STOPDAPT-1 (1.7% vs. 1.6%, P=0.77).
CONCLUSIONS: The effect of 1-month DAPT followed by clopidogrel monotherapy on clinical outcomes was similar to that of 3-month DAPT followed by aspirin monotherapy in patients receiving PCI.