Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Effectiveness of Treatment Options Against SARS-CoV-2 infection

Link to article at PubMed

J Med Virol. 2020 Jul 15. doi: 10.1002/jmv.26302. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Treatment options for Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) are limited with no clarity on efficacy and safety profiles. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies on patients ≥ 18 years reporting data on therapeutic interventions in SARS-CoV-2. Primary outcome was all-cause mortality and secondary outcomes were rates of mechanical ventilation, viral clearance, adverse events, discharge and progression to severe disease. Pooled rates and odds ratios (OR) were calculated. Twenty-nine studies with 5207 patients were included. Pooled all-cause mortality in intervention arm was 12.8% (95%CI: 8.1%-17.4%). Mortality was significantly higher for studies using hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) for intervention (OR: 1.36, 95% CI: 0.97-1.89). Adverse events were also higher in HCQ sub-group (OR: 3.88, 95% CI: 1.60 - 9.45). There was no difference in other secondary outcomes. There is a need for well-designed randomized clinical trials for further investigation of every therapeutic intervention for further insight into different therapeutic options. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PMID:32667699 | DOI:10.1002/jmv.26302

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