New renal haemodynamic indices can predict worsening of renal function in acute decompensated heart failure.

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New renal haemodynamic indices can predict worsening of renal function in acute decompensated heart failure.

ESC Heart Fail. 2020 Jun 30;:

Authors: Mostafa A, Said K, Ammar W, Eltawil AE, Abdelhamid M

Abstract
AIMS: Worsening of renal function (WRF) is a common complication in patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). We aimed to evaluate the role of intrarenal Doppler ultrasound (IRD) in the early prediction of WRF in this patient group.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 90 patients (age: 57.5 ± 11.1 years; 62% male) hospitalized with ADHF, resistivity index (RI), acceleration time (AT), and pulsatility index (PI) were measured on admission and at 24 and 72 h. WRF was defined as increased serum creatinine ≥0.3 mg/dL from baseline. Adverse clinical outcomes were defined as the composite of death, use of vasopressors, and need for ultrafiltration for refractory oedema. WRF developed in 40% of patients. Mean values of renal AT, RI, and PI on admission were 59.7 ± 15, 0.717 ± 0.08, and 1.5 ± 0.48 ms, respectively. At 24 h, there was significant decrease in AT (to 56.7 ± 10 ms, P = 0.02) and renal RI (to 0.732 ± 0.07; P < 0.001); these changes were maintained up to 72 h. Renal PI showed no significant changes. Independent predictors of WRF were renal AT at 24 h and admission values of renal RI, left ventricular ejection fraction, and plasma cystatin C. Renal AT at 24 h ≥ 57.8 ms had 89% sensitivity and 70% specificity for the prediction of WRF. Independent predictors for adverse clinical outcomes were left ventricular end systolic dimension and WRF.
CONCLUSIONS: Among ADHF patients receiving diuretic therapy, measurement of renal AT and RI by IRD can help identify patients at increased risk for WRF.

PMID: 32602661 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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