Gaur A, et al. J Assoc Physicians India 2020.
BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has now become a pandemic. From Wuhan, China, in December 2019 to European countries, USA and now it seems to gain a strong foothold in India. The objective of this work is to report the initial experience with demographic and clinical features, and management of COVID-19 patients admitted in medical college Bhilwara, India.
METHODS: This is a descriptive case series of first 26 COVID-19 patients. Demographical, clinical, laboratory, and radiological characteristics and treatment and outcomes data were obtained with data collection forms and history given by 26 COVID-19 patients.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: During this study 26 COVID-19 positive patients were admitted in MG Hospital, Bhilwara. Male patients were 61.54% and majority (88.46%) were below 60 years of age. Approximately 30.76 % patients were asymptomatic. Fever was the most common symptom (61.54%) followed by sore throat (53.84 %), cough (42.30%) myalgia (38.46%)and dyspnea(23.07%). Six patients (23.07%) of total 26 had comorbidities. Leucopenia was seen in in 9 (34.61%) and leukocytosis was seen in 2 patient. Ten patient (38.46%) out of 26 shown increased lymphocyte/neutrophil ratio. Chest X- ray was normal in 20 patients (76.92%). Abnormalities in chest CT were detected among 10 (38.46%) patients. Typical findings were bilateral multifocal patchy peripheral subsegmental areas of consolidation more towards middle and lower zones and bilateral ground glass opacities involving multiple segments. Oseltamivir and chloroquine were given to all 26 patients. Azithromycin was given in 24 patients. Mean duration of conversion of COVID-19 patients was 6.83 days. All discharged patients advised home quarantine for 14 days as per guidelines.
CONCLUSION: Patients often present without fever, and many may not have abnormal radiologic findings. Patients with older age and associated comorbid conditions (COPD and diabetes) seem to have greater risk for lung injury.