Association of weekend admission and clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients with sepsis: An observational study

Link to article at PubMed

Bernet S, et al. Medicine (Baltimore) 2020.


Sepsis is associated with impaired clinical outcomes. It requires timely diagnosis and urgent therapeutic management. Because staffing during after-hours is limited, we explored whether after-hour admissions are associated with worse clinical outcomes in patients with sepsis.In this retrospective cohort study, we analyzed nationwide acute care admissions for a main diagnosis of sepsis in Switzerland between 2006 and 2016 using prospective administrative data. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality using multivariable logistic regression models. Secondary outcomes were intensive care unit (ICU) admission, intubation, and 30-day readmission.We included 86,597 hospitalizations for sepsis, 60.1% admitted during routine-hours, 16.8% on weekends and 23.1% during night shift. Compared to routine-hours, we found a higher odds ratio (OR) for in-hospital mortality in patients admitted on weekends (Adjusted OR 1.05, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.01, 1.10, P = .041). Also, the OR for ICU admission (OR 1.14, 95% CI 1.10, 1.19, P < .001) and intubation (OR 1.18, 95% CI 1.12, 1.25 P < .001) was higher for weekends compared to routine-hours. Regarding 30-day readmission, evidence for an association could not be observed. Night shift admission, compared to routine-hours, was associated with a higher OR for ICU admission and intubation (ICU admission: OR 1.28 (1.23, 1.32), P < .001; intubation: OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.25, 1.37, P < .001) but with a lower OR for in-hospital mortality (OR 0.93, 19% CI 0.89, 0.97, P = .001).Among hospitalizations with a main diagnosis of sepsis, weekend admissions were associated with higher OR for in-hospital mortality, ICU admission, and intubation. Whether these findings can be explained by staffing-level differences needs to be addressed.

PMID:32590778 | DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000020842

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