Real-world use of nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant in atrial fibrillation patients with liver disease: A meta-analysis.
Clin Cardiol. 2020 Jun 17;:
Authors: Dai Q, Deng X, Zhou L, Zhang L, Xiao X, Liao Y
Several studies have investigated the effectiveness and safety of nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) vs vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and liver disease. Herein, we conducted a meta-analysis to compare the effect of NOACs with VKAs in patients with AF and liver disease. We also conducted a subsidiary analysis to compare the risk of liver injury between NOACs and VKA in AF patients. We systematically searched the PubMed and Embase databases from January 2009 to May 2020 for the relevant studies. Hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were selected and pooled using a random-effects model. A total of six cohorts were included. Compared with VKA use, the use of NOACs was associated with reduced risks of stroke or systemic embolism (HR 0.68, 95% CI 0.49-0.93), all-cause death (HR 0.69, 95% CI 0.63-0.75), and intracranial bleeding (HR 0.49, 95% CI 0.40-0.59), whereas the outcomes of major bleeding (HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.51-1.01) and gastrointestinal bleeding (HR 0.84, 95% CI 0.51-1.36) were not significantly different between groups in AF patients with liver disease. Moreover, compared with VKA use, the use of NOACs was associated with a reduced risk of liver injury (HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.61-0.84) in AF patients. Compared with VKAs, the use of NOACs was associated with reduced risks of stroke or systemic embolism, all-cause death, and intracranial bleeding in AF patients with liver disease, and associated with a reduced risk of liver injury in AF patients.
PMID: 32557677 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]