Description of a pharmacist-driven safety algorithm in Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia: Compliance, interventions, and good saves.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2020 Jun 16;:1-5
Authors: Lines TH, Nesbitt WJ, Greene MH, Nelson GE
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a pharmacist-driven Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB) safety bundle supported by leadership and to compare compliance before and after implementation.
DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study with descriptive and before-and-after analyses.
SETTING: Tertiary-care academic medical center.
PATIENTS: All patients with documented SAB, regardless of the source of infection, were included. Patients transitioned to palliative care were excluded from before-and-after analysis.
METHODS: A pharmacist-driven safety bundle including documented clearance of bacteremia, echocardiography, removal of central venous catheters, and targeted intravenous therapy of at least 2 weeks duration was implemented in November 2015 and was supported by leadership with stepwise escalation for nonresponse. A descriptive analysis of all patients with SAB during the study period included pharmacy interventions, acceptance rates, and escalation rates. A pre-post implementation analysis of 100 sequential patients compared bundle compliance and descriptive parameters.
RESULTS: Overall, 391 interventions were made in the 20-month period following implementation, including 20 "good saves" avoiding potentially major adverse events. No statistically significant differences in complete bundle compliance were detected between the periods (74% vs 84%; P = .08). However, we detected a significant increase in echocardiography after the bundle was implemented (83% vs 94%; P = .02) and fewer patients received suboptimal definitive therapy after the bundle was implemented (10% vs 3%; P = .045).
CONCLUSIONS: This pharmacist-driven SAB safety bundle with leadership support showed improvement in process measures, which may have prevented major adverse events, even with available infectious diseases (ID) consultation. It provides a critical safety net for institutions without mandatory ID consultation or with limited antimicrobial stewardship resources.
PMID: 32539873 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]