The Quality of End-of-Life Care after Limitations of Medical Treatment as Defined by a Rapid Response Team: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

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The Quality of End-of-Life Care after Limitations of Medical Treatment as Defined by a Rapid Response Team: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

J Palliat Med. 2019 01;22(1):71-74

Authors: Carvalho GD, Costa FP, Peruchi JAM, Mazzutti G, Benedetto IG, John JF, Zorzi LA, Prestes MC, Viana MV, Santos MC, Schwarz P, Berto PP, Buttelli TCD, Nedel W, Azeredo-da-Silva ALF, Boniatti MM

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Despite the increase in the identification of patients at the end of life after the introduction of rapid response team (RRT), there is doubt as to whether there has been an improvement in the quality of care offered to these patients. Proper end-of-life care is the next expected step after identifying patients who are dying.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the end-of-life care after limitations of medical treatment (LOMTs) as defined by an RRT.
DESIGN: This is a single-center retrospective cohort study at a tertiary teaching hospital in Porto Alegre, Brazil, from July 2014 to July 2016.
SETTING/SUBJECTS: We included 242 patients with an LOMT as defined by the RRT.
MEASUREMENTS: Outcomes of interest included symptoms and palliative measures after RRT review.
RESULTS: During the study period, there were 5396 calls to 2937 patients, representing 126 calls per 1000 hospital discharges. Of these calls, 4.9% (n = 242) resulted in an LOMT. The primary care team agreed with the LOMT decision proposed by the RRT in 91.7% of cases. Regarding end-of-life symptoms, 7.4% and 5.8% of patients presented with intense or moderate pain, respectively, and 62.4% of patients presented dyspnea in the last 48 hours of hospitalization. Less than 15% of patients received attention for their spiritual needs and/or received psychological support.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data reinforce the important role of RRTs in the identification of end-of-life patients with clinical deterioration. Despite the increase in the identification of these patients, the quality of end-of-life care needs to be improved.

PMID: 30251909 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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