A Modified Simple Scoring System Using the Red Blood Cell Distribution Width, Delta Neutrophil Index, and Mean Platelet Volume-to-Platelet Count to Predict 28-Day Mortality in Patients With Sepsis.

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A Modified Simple Scoring System Using the Red Blood Cell Distribution Width, Delta Neutrophil Index, and Mean Platelet Volume-to-Platelet Count to Predict 28-Day Mortality in Patients With Sepsis.

J Intensive Care Med. 2020 Jun 09;:885066620933245

Authors: Kim JH, Lee Y, Cho YS, Sohn YJ, Hyun JH, Ahn SM, Lee WJ, Seong H, Kim JH, Ahn JY, Jeong SJ, Ku NS, Choi JY, Yeom JS, Song YG

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Recently, a new scoring system was developed that uses the red blood cell distribution width (RDW), delta neutrophil index (DNI), and platelet count (PC) to predict mortality in patients with sepsis. We investigated whether a modified simple scoring system based on the RDW, DNI, and mean platelet volume-to-PC (MPV/PC) ratio could predict the mortality of patients with sepsis, and compared it to the previous scoring system.
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 264 adults who had been treated for sepsis in an emergency department between January 2016 and February 2019. Each patient was rated on a scale of 0 to 3 according to the modified scoring system. Point values were assigned based on RDW > 14.5%, DNI > 5.0%, and MPV/PC ratio >10.1.
RESULTS: The 28-day mortality rate was 14.4%. Those who died had higher scores than those who survived (mean: 1.55 ± 0.92 vs 0.93 ± 0.78, P < .001). The area under the curve for the new scoring system was higher than that of the previous scoring system (0.685 vs 0.645).
CONCLUSION: The modified scoring system was a good predictor of the 28-day mortality and was more useful than the previous scoring system for predicting mortality in patients with sepsis.

PMID: 32515272 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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