Bacterial Resistance to Cephalosporin Treatment in Elderly Stable Patients Hospitalized With a Urinary Tract Infection.

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Bacterial Resistance to Cephalosporin Treatment in Elderly Stable Patients Hospitalized With a Urinary Tract Infection.

Am J Med Sci. 2020 May 11;:

Authors: Shimoni Z, Salah M, Kasem A, Hermush V, Froom P

Abstract
BACKGROUND: It is unclear if parenteral cephalosporin treatment is appropriate in stable elderly patients hospitalized with a urinary tract infection (UTI) in settings with a high prevalence of bacterial resistant organisms.
METHODS: We selected 934 consecutive stable patients aged ≥65 years with a UTI, 94.4% (n = 882) treated with a parenteral cephalosporin. Patients were divided into those with and without bacterial resistance to initial antibiotic therapy (BRIAT). Outcome measures were response to antibiotic therapy at 72 hours, prolonged hospitalization (>5 days) and mortality.
RESULTS: There were 316 patients (33.8%) with BRIAT. At 72 hours, 33.9% (107/316) did not respond to initial treatment. The odds of a prolonged hospitalization was 2.1 (95% confidence interval-1.6-2.9), but no patient with BRIAT died from urosepsis (0%, 95% confidence interval-0-1.2%).
CONCLUSIONS: In elderly stable patients hospitalized with a UTI, treatment with a parenteral cephalosporin might be appropriate despite a high prevalence of resistant organisms.

PMID: 32482350 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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