Advances in the management of diabetes: therapies for type 2 diabetes.

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Advances in the management of diabetes: therapies for type 2 diabetes.

Postgrad Med J. 2020 May 28;:

Authors: Tsoutsouki J, Wunna W, Chowdhury A, Chowdhury TA

Abstract
The incidence of type 2 diabetes is rapidly rising worldwide leading to an increasing burden of cardiovascular and microvascular complications. The aim of treatment of the condition is to improve quality of life and reduce such complications. To this end, improvement in glucose control remains an important consideration. In recent years, important therapeutic advances have occurred in the management of hyperglycaemia in people with type 2 diabetes. These include the use of dipeptidylpeptidase-4 inhibitors, glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium glucose transporter-2 inhibitors. The latter two classes appear to have some specific beneficial effects on cardiovascular and renal outcomes, independent of their antihyperglycaemic effects. This review aims to outline the current state of diagnosis and management of diabetes for the general physician, with a particular focus on new therapeutic agents for management of glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes.

PMID: 32467106 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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