Hypertension in the elderly: recent developments and insights.
Curr Opin Cardiol. 2020 May 20;:
Authors: Sternlicht H, Basile J
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article will summarize the effects of more intensive blood pressure (BP) control on cardiovascular, cognitive, and renal outcomes among elderly (age ≥75 years) individuals at high risk for cardiovascular events. Subsets of patients who may not benefit and obstacles to implementation will be addressed. The authors' insights will conclude the review.
RECENT FINDINGS: A burst of new research regarding the effects of lower BP targets on cardiovascular, cognitive, and renal endpoints among the elderly has been published. Achieved values of 123 mmHg systolic in those without diabetes or prior stroke revealed striking declines in all-cause mortality, heart failure, and stroke. Although there was no benefit on the incidence of dementia, mild cognitive impairment was reduced. A trend towards modest declines in renal function and higher adverse event rates with normalization of BP were noted. Whether those with poor functional status or diastolic hypotension realize comparable gains remains unknown.
SUMMARY: Intensive BP control (systolic goal 120-130 mmHg systolic) results in lower rates of all-cause mortality and major adverse cardiac events. Elderly individuals with a good functional status and no history of diabetes or stroke are suitable candidates.
PMID: 32452921 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]