Direct Oral Anticoagulants in Obesity: An Updated Literature Review.
Ann Pharmacother. 2020 May 22;:1060028020923584
Authors: Sebaaly J, Kelley D
Objective: To review literature on the use of direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in patients with high body weight (BW) and/or high body mass index (BMI) and to make recommendations regarding use in this patient population. Data Sources: A search using PubMed was conducted (inception to April 13, 2020) using the term DOAC AND the terms obesity OR body weight. A separate search was also conducted with individual DOACs (dabigatran, apixaban, rivaroxaban, edoxaban) and the aforementioned terms. Study Selection and Data Extraction: Studies included examined the effect of BW and/or BMI on DOAC pharmacokinetics, efficacy, or safety. Included studies had DOAC indications of prevention of stroke in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, or treatment or long-term prevention of venous thromboembolism. Data Synthesis: The efficacy and safety of DOACs in patients with high BW/BMI has not yet been elucidated by randomized trials; however, 2016 international guidelines suggest avoiding their use in patients with a BW >120 kg or BMI >40 kg/m2. Since 2016, several studies have been published examining use of DOACs in this patient population. Relevance to Patient Care and Clinical Practice: This review thoroughly discusses the literature on DOACs in patients with a BW >120 kg or BMI >40 kg/m2 pre-2016 and post-2016 guidelines. Conclusions: Evidence indicates that each DOAC may have differences in outcomes when used in patients with a high BW/BMI. Currently, low-quality data are available that support avoiding dabigatran and considering apixaban or rivaroxaban; lack of sufficient data preclude a recommendation for edoxaban use in this patient population.
PMID: 32443941 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]