Evolving Therapeutic Options for Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease

Link to article at PubMed

Gonzalez RM and Pidala J. Pharmacotherapy 2020.

ABSTRACT

Despite improvements in prevention and treatment of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), chronic GVHD (cGVHD) remains a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality of allogeneic transplant patients. Chronic GVHD remains a leading cause of late complications posttransplant and is impacted by donor-, patient-, and transplant-related (hematopoietic cell transplant [HCT]) factors. Advances in the biological understanding of cGVHD have provided opportunities to improve clinical interventions for prevention and treatment. Expansion of posttransplantation cyclophosphamide beyond haploidentical HCTs has transformed alternative donor, matched, and mismatch GVHD outcomes and is currently being investigated in two upcoming clinical trials network prophylaxis studies. Although corticosteroids remain the cornerstone therapy, several clinical trials are prospectively investigating the utility of using novel agents in combination with corticosteroids as upfront therapy to mitigate prolonged steroid exposure. Several treatment options for patients with steroid-refractory cGVHD are currently being investigated, and advances have resulted in ibrutinib becoming the first cGVHD agent approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. We review recent advances in understanding of cGVHD pathophysiology and new approaches for the prevention and treatment of cGVHD.

PMID:32441379 | DOI:10.1002/phar.2427

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