Los-Arcos I, et al. Expert Opin Pharmacother 2020.
INTRODUCTION: Ceftolozane-tazobactam is a combination of a new cephalosporin, with activity similar to that of ceftazidime, and a known inhibitor of beta-lactamases. This compound shows excellent activity against most gram-negative organisms causative of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) or ventilator-acquired pneumonia (VAP), including extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacterales and multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
AREAS COVERED: This article reviews the spectrum of activity, the main pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics and the clinical efficacy and safety of ceftolozane-tazobactam in the treatment of HAP/VAP in adult patients.
EXPERT OPINION: The results of a randomized clinical trial have demonstrated an efficacy and safety profile of ceftolozane-tazobactam similar to that of its comparator for the treatment of patients with HAP/VAP. Several retrospective studies have shown good efficacy of the drug for the treatment of respiratory infections caused by MDR P. aeruginosa. The use of this drug may be incorporated as a new therapeutic option for the treatment of patients with HAP/VAP in a carbapenem-saving setting or as a therapeutic alternative with a better safety profile than other therapeutic options in patients with infections caused by MDR P. aeruginosa.