Inpatient teledermatology: Diagnostic and therapeutic concordance among hospitalist, dermatologist, and teledermatologist using store-and-forward teledermatology.
J Am Acad Dermatol. 2020 Jan 20;:
Authors: Keller JJ, Johnson JP, Latour E
BACKGROUND: Inpatient dermatology has been shown to improve patient outcomes at a reduced cost. Few hospitals have dermatologists available. Teledermatology may allow dermatologists to assess hospitalized patients remotely.
OBJECTIVE: To examine diagnostic concordance between hospitalist, dermatologist, and teledermatologist using store-and-forward teledermatology.
METHODS: For 100 consecutive cases requiring inpatient dermatology consultation, a survey was conducted by all 3 raters to convey diagnostic impressions and therapeutic recommendations. Complete and partial agreements were assessed using Cohen's kappa statistic.
RESULTS: Inpatient dermatology consultation often resulted in a change in diagnosis (50.9%), and a change in systemic therapy (41.5%). Likewise, virtual teledermatology consultation would have resulted in a change in diagnosis (54.7%) and a change in systemic therapy (47.2%) at similar rates. Comparing dermatologist and teledermatologist, diagnostic complete and partial agreement were 52.8% and 84.9% respectively. Systemic therapy agreement was 77.4%. Teledermatologists recommended biopsy more often (68.5% vs 43.5%).
LIMITATIONS: Small sample size, tertiary academic medical center, single rater for inpatient teledermatology with specific inpatient niche.
CONCLUSION: Teledermatologists performed comparably to an in-person dermatologist for diagnosis and management of hospitalized patients with skin conditions. Teledermatology may be a suitable alternative for delivery of inpatient care if no dermatologist is available.
PMID: 31972258 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]