Ocular Involvement in Patients with Fungemia in an Urban Tertiary Care Center.

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Ocular Involvement in Patients with Fungemia in an Urban Tertiary Care Center.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2019;27(2):251-256

Authors: Price KW, Tsui E, Barbazetto I, Park L

Abstract
PURPOSE: To illustrate the rate of endogenous endophthalmitis associated with fungemia and evaluate the importance of screening in a public city hospital.
METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on all inpatient ophthalmology consults for fungemia from 2010 to 2015. Clinical histories, ocular examinations, and microbial cultures were reviewed.
RESULTS: Of 95 patients (mean age 51.6 years, 75% male) with fungemia, 9/95 (9.5%) demonstrated intraocular involvement. Of these nine patients, two were unable to participate in the ophthalmic exam due to intubation, while the remaining seven reported no changes in their vision. Two patients had their antifungal medications adjusted to optimize intraocular penetration and one patient progressed to develop vitreous involvement but died before further escalation of care occurred.
CONCLUSION: All involved individuals in this study were either non-communicative or without visual complaints. This suggests that routine screening should still be recommended, especially in a public hospital setting.

PMID: 29040009 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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