New Answers for Old Questions in the Treatment of Severe Infections from Injection Drug Use.
J Hosp Med. 2019 Dec 23;14:E1-E7
Authors: Serota DP, Vettese T
Hospitalists are increasingly responsible for the management of infectious consequences of opioid use disorder (OUD), including increasing rates of hospitalization for injection drug use (IDU)-associated infective endocarditis, osteomyelitis, and soft tissue infections. Management of IDU-associated infections poses unique challenges: symptoms of the underlying addiction can interfere with care plans, patients often have difficult psychosocial circumstances in addition to their addiction, and they are often stigmatized by the healthcare system. Although there are few randomized trial data to support one particular approach to management, the literature suggests that successful treatment of IDU-associated infections requires appropriate antimicrobial and surgical interventions in addition to acknowledgment and treatment of the underlying OUD. In this narrative review, the best available evidence is used to answer several of the most commonly encountered questions in the management of IDU-associated infections. These data are used to develop a framework for hospitalists to approach the care of patients with IDU-associated infections.
PMID: 31869292 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]