Factors associated with treatment failure after advice from infectious disease specialists

Link to article at PubMed

Med Mal Infect. 2020 Nov;50(8):696-701. doi: 10.1016/j.medmal.2019.11.003. Epub 2019 Dec 4.


OBJECTIVE: Risk factors associated with treatment failure after the infectious disease specialist's (IDS) advice remain unknown. We aimed to identify these risk factors.

METHODS: We included patients hospitalized in our tertiary care center who consulted an infectious disease specialist between January 2013 and April 2015. Treatment failure was defined by a composite criterion: signs of sepsis beyond Day 3, ICU admission, or death. Treatment success was defined by the patient's sustained clinical improvement.

RESULTS: A total of 240 IDS recommendations were made. Diagnosis was changed for 64 patients (26.7%) and 50 patients experienced treatment failure after the IDS advice. In multivariate analysis, compliance with the IDS advice was associated with a higher rate of success (OR=0.09, 95%CI [0.01-0.67]). Variables associated with treatment failure in the multivariate analysis were Charlson comorbidity score at admission (OR=1.24, 95%CI [1.03-1.50]), a history of infection or colonization with multidrug-resistant bacteria (OR=8.27, 95%CI [1.37-49.80]), and deterioration of the patient's status three days after the IDS advice (OR=12.50, 95%CI [3.16-49.46]).

CONCLUSION: Reassessing IDS recommendations could be interesting for specific patients to further adapt and improve them.

PMID:31812296 | DOI:10.1016/j.medmal.2019.11.003

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