Overuse of Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis Among Hospitalized Patients with Liver Disease.
Eur J Haematol. 2019 Dec 03;:
Authors: Davis JPE, O'Leary KE, Intagliata NM
INTRODUCTION: Patients with liver disease are at risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) however little is understood regarding the safety and efficacy of VTE prophylaxis in patients with cirrhosis. We examined the application of a VTE risk assessment model in VTE prophylaxis decision-making in a closed cohort of hospitalized patients with liver disease.
METHODS: Sequential patients admitted to an inpatient hepatology service at a tertiary care center were evaluated for need for VTE prophylaxis. Risk assessment by IMPROVE was compared to current practice patterns of VTE prophylaxis. Rates of bleeding and clotting events were noted.
RESULTS: 98 patient encounters were included in our analysis. 76% of patients received VTE prophylaxis in practice. IMPROVE recommended use of VTE prophylaxis in 19% of patients. Patients who received VTE prophylaxis that was not warranted had significantly lower risk of clotting compared to patients in whom VTE prophylaxis was warranted per IMPROVE.
CONCLUSIONS: Application of IMPROVE risk assessment would significantly reduce VTE prophylaxis use among hospitalized patients with liver disease. Our findings challenge the "one-size-fits-all" current practice pattern of VTE prophylaxis. Future studies are needed in large cohorts of hospitalized patients with liver disease that include clinical outcomes of bleeding and clotting risk.
PMID: 31797441 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]